Parents may display more conservative attitudes, according to new research.
Parental advice like “Look both ways before you cross the street,” or “Don’t run with scissors,” can be considered examples of a certain perspective that portrays the world as a dangerous place—a perspective parents might use to instill caution in their children.
Some evidence supports the idea that socially and morally conservative values may arise from perceived threats or danger, says Nicholas Kerry, a PhD student in the Tulane University School of Science and Engineering.
Research shows that “people get more conservative with age,” Kerry says, “but there weren’t a lot of satisfactory explanations to this. It occurred to me that parenting might have a role in this. It would make sense for it to change our motivations and attitudes.”
In a study of 1,500 participants, Kerry and coauthor Damian R. Murray, an assistant professor in the psychology department, conducted four online surveys that examined attitudes to political topics that typically divide liberals and conservatives, such as reproductive rights and the military.
The researchers hypothesized that parents display more conservative attitudes because they are more often risk-averse, likely in the interest of protecting their children. They not only found differences between parents and non-parents, but also that people who felt more warmly toward children reported more socially conservative attitudes.
What’s more, these differences appeared to explain some of the increases in conservatism with age. However, parenting or not parenting is unlikely to cause wild swings in political or social opinions.
“We’re likely talking about fairly small and gradual changes over the course of several years,” Kerry adds.
The research is ongoing, and further work has found that reduced interest in short-term mating and increases in belief in a “dangerous world” may explain the relationship between parenting and social conservatism.
The research appears in Personality and Individual Differences.
Source: Tulane University