When it comes to religion, an engaged congregation may be a deciding factor in whether youth stay involved in their religious practice as they age.
A new study found that the way parents live and the conversations they have with their children have the largest impact on whether their kids continue in their faith.
But things like youth groups, religious school, and attending weekly services make a big difference in youths’ feelings of belonging within their religious community, according to the research. As a result of that, they may be more likely to stay in their faith as they grow.
About three out of 10 Americans currently identify as non-religious, according to the Pew Research Center. And that number is expected to rise. For parents who are invested in religious tradition and religious community leaders, that may be concerning.
“It used to be just a truism that people stop attending religious services in college and then they came back when they had kids,” says lead author Bill Stanford, a doctoral graduate of the University of Georgia’s College of Family and Consumer Sciences. “But more recent studies have pointed out people aren’t coming back after they have kids. The million-dollar question is why.”
The researchers analyzed responses from more than 1,700 youth and their caregivers interviewed over several years as part of the National Study of Youth and Religion. The dataset provides a big picture view of young people’s relationship with religion and spirituality and includes individuals from a variety of faiths, such as Christianity, Islam, and Judaism, among others.
More than three out of four of the parents in the study said their faith is either a very or extremely important guide in their daily decisions. And more than half said they go to at least weekly religious services.
But more than one in six of the kids surveyed said they never discussed religion with their parents. Less than half of the youth reported having conversations about religion with their caregivers on a weekly basis.
“It’s not something that we commonly talk about, in terms of educating parents on how to help facilitate religiosity and spirituality with their kids,” says Ted Futris, coauthor of the study in the journal Applied Developmental Science and a professor of human development and family science at the University of Georgia. “It’s often seen as something personal.
“What Bill’s work is showing is that building spirituality in youth is a community process. It’s both parents and the faith-based community working together to help foster that religiosity and spirituality among our young people.”
Although more than 60% of adults said youth ministry was a priority in their faith communities, only two out of five children said they participated in a youth-oriented group.
Almost 30% of youth reported never taking religious education courses, and half said they’d never undergone a rite of initiation into the religious community, such as a baptism or confirmation.
“The role of parents is incredibly powerful in shaping future religiosity in children, but engagement matters,” says Stanford, who is now an associate priest at St. Thomas Anglican Church in Athens, Georgia.
“Nonfamilial adult mentorship relationships are extremely important. Integrating youth into the community and connecting them with religious education and the rites of passage—the congregation has an important role to play in helping pass down religious tradition.”
Young people in religious organizations that emphasize youth group and religious education and expect kids to regularly attend worship services are more likely to report high levels of personal religious practice, such as fasting and independent study of religious texts.
The study also explored differences between religious denominations. The researchers found some traditions put more of an emphasis on integrating youth into their communities than others.
“What you’re doing as parents is you’re creating a framework through which to view the world,” Stanford says. “And religion’s part of that for a lot of people. Religion becomes part of the scaffolding for how you view the world.
“I would say part of purposefully engaging youth is thinking through, how are we as a congregation coming alongside parents and providing a lens through which the world makes sense? How are we being purposeful about talking through what we believe, why we believe it, how we see it acting in the world?”
Source: University of Georgia