Nanoparticles could help patients with MS, ALS, and Parkinson’s

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New research shows how a new treatment helps patients with MS, ALS, or Parkinson’s disease.

Is it possible for nanoparticles to go through the digestive system and deliver medicine directly to the brain tissue?

Researchers from Michigan State University say yes, and their latest findings are expected to benefit patients with neurodegenerative disorders like multiple sclerosis, or MS; amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, or ALS; and Parkinson’s disease, or PD.

“Our work is focused on identifying the biological identity of nanoparticles, including the type of proteins that come to their surfaces,” says Morteza Mahmoudi, an associate professor in the radiology department and the precision health program in the MSU College of Human Medicine. “This is important because the type of proteins that come to the surface provide a unique pattern that can give the green light to pass the blood brain barrier and work directly in the brain tissues.”

Mahmoudi and his research team recently published two papers on the biological identity of nanoparticles. These papers (one, two), both published in Nature Communications, establish the need for standardized procedures in protein corona analysis, which is vital for advancing clinical applications of nanoscale biotechnologies.

“We prepared identical nanoparticles with the protein corona and sent them to 17 different evaluation centers,” Mahmoudi says. “We found significant data variability with only 1.8% of proteins consistently identified by all, so we developed a method of analysis to help labs more accurately reproduce data from the biological identity of nanoparticles. This will help the scientific community be more harmonized.”

Related work appeared in ACS Pharmacology & Translational Science. This analysis, done for Clene Nanomedicine, Inc., or Clene, a clinical-stage biopharmaceutical company, explains how the protein corona of their gold nanocrystals in CNM-Au8® help treat neurodegenerative diseases.

“Because we have more than 15 years of evolving experience with robust analysis of protein corona, we were able to work with Clene to shed light on the biological identity of their nanoparticles,” Mahmoudi says.

CNM-Au8 is comprised of a suspension of clean-surfaced, faceted gold nanocrystals that patients can take orally. The nanocrystals pass through the gastrointestinal tract and enter the body’s circulatory system where they interact with, and become coated by, blood proteins and other biomolecules. This forms the protein/biomolecular corona.

“This composition enhances the nanocrystals’ ability to traverse the blood-brain barrier,” Mahmoudi explains. “Our research shows that these gold nanocrystals, manufactured using a novel method to form specific structures and without surfactants, can form a distinct protein corona that facilitates access to brain tissue.”

Source: Michigan State University