Instagram’s decision to ban certain words commonly used by pro-eating disorder (pro-ED) communities has produced an unintended effect, a new study finds.
The use of those terms decreased when they were censored in 2012. But users adapted by simply making up new, almost identical words, driving up participation and support within pro-ED groups by as much as 30 percent.
Researchers at the Georgia Institute of Technology found that these communities are still very active and thriving despite Instagram’s efforts to moderate discussion of the dangerous lifestyle.
People in pro-ED communities share content, and provide advice and support for those who choose eating disorders, such as anorexia or bulimia, as acceptable and reasonable ways of living. They use specific hashtags to form very connected groups, often using anonymous names to keep their lifestyle choice a secret from families and friends.
2.5 million posts
Instagram banned some of the most common pro-ED tags four years ago. People can still post these censored terms, but the words no longer show up in search results. Banned examples include “thighgap,” “thinspiration” and “secretsociety.”
Other pro-ED words received advisories. They can be searched, but notifications about graphic content were added, along with public service links for people looking for help.
The researchers looked at 2.5 million pro-ED posts from 2011 to 2014 to study how the community reacted to Instagram’s content moderation.
[Instagram shows foods people eat if there’s no grocery store]
“People pretty much stopped using the banned terms, but they gamed the system to stay in touch,” says Stevie Chancellor, a doctoral student who led the study.
“‘Thinspiration’ was replaced by ‘thynspiration’ and ‘thynspo.’ ‘Thighgap’ became ‘thightgap’ and ‘thygap.'”
The 17 moderated terms morphed into hundreds of similar, new words. Each had an average of 40 variables. Some had more—the researchers found 107 variables of “thighgap.”
“Likes and comments on these new tags were 15 to 30 percent higher compared to the originals,” says Munmun De Choudury, assistant professor in Georgia Tech’s School of Interactive Computing. “Before the ban, a person searching for hashtags would only find their intended word. Now a search produces dozens of similar, non-censored pro-ED terms. That means more content to view and engage with.”
The team also found that the content on these so-called lexical variants discussed self-harm, isolation, and thoughts of suicide more often than the larger community of sufferers of eating disorders.
An alternative to bans
Instagram has also blacklisted words related to sex, racism, and self-harm. What is more effective than banning tags? The Georgia Tech team suggests a few alternatives.
“Allow them to be searchable. But once they’re selected, the landing page could include links for help organizations,” says Chancellor. “Maybe the search algorithms could be tweaked.
“Instead of similar terms being displayed, Instagram could introduce recovery-related terms in the search box.”
The team presented the study at the ACM Conference on Computer-Supported Cooperative Work and Social Computing on March 1 in San Francisco.
Source: Georgia Tech