Pill swallowing can be a difficult skill for kids to learn and parents often struggle on how to help them, but Jennifer Butcher has some pointers.
“For a child, the thought of swallowing a pill can seem like a big challenge, and the pill may look huge to them,” says Butcher, a pediatric psychologist at the University of Michigan. “However, parents can remind their child that they swallow bites of food that are much bigger than their pills. Their esophagus (food tube) is also wider than their pills and stretchy to let it slide right down.”
The trick, according to Butcher? “It’s getting the pill into the right spot to slide down, like a water slide rider.”
She says there are three common mistakes parents make when teaching their kids to take pills:
- Forcing them to practice at high pressure times, like when the child has to take a pill in order to get well.
- Allowing their emotions into the situation (which in turn affects the child’s stress levels).
- Starting their child practicing with something too large that makes them feel that they can’t do it, leading to them losing confidence.
Butcher also says parents of children with development delays or feeding and/or swallowing issues should seek a professional’s help,.
“They need more help, more time, or different strategies to learn how to do this,” she says. “Their parents should talk with their providers to see if there is a child life specialist, speech pathologist, occupational therapist, or pediatric psychologist available to help with this.”
This applies to all parents, though, struggling on the pill-swallowing front. “The same is true for any family who tries on their own and fails. More support is always available!”
Here, Butcher offers seven easy steps for parents and kids embarking down the pill-swallowing road:
1. Practice for only 5 minutes at a time.
Practice should only be a few minutes at a time, with the goal at the end of each session to have your child feeling more confident each time.
“You don’t want to make this something that feels like work to them,” says Butcher.
She recommends starting and practicing at low pressure times, not when you’re in a hurry or trying to squeeze it in.
Another tip? Try starting to practice while your child is still on liquid medications. Moving to pills may be easier in the long run (more portable, no refrigeration needed), but at this point your family can still practice together in a stress-free way.
2. Plan to give stickers, or another small reward, for practicing.
Butcher recommends families give their child stickers as a reward for their hard work for learning to swallow pills.
“Parents should show confidence that their child can do it and learn it. It just takes practice, and remind your child that they can move as slowly as they need.”
3. Have them sit up straight in a chair and take a sip of water.
To start, have them sit down and drink a sip of water.
“You want to teach them that their throat and their tongue are like the water slide and the pill is like the rider,” says Butcher. “So what they want to do is wash the ride down the slide.”
4. Start with a small sprinkle
“We usually recommend starting with sprinkles,” says Butcher.
Place one tiny sprinkle on the middle of their tongue and then take a drink of water to wash it down.
“If they’re able to do that, you can move onto slightly larger candy. If they aren’t able do that, you stick with that [size] until they’re successful,” Butcher says.
5. Once successful, try a slightly bigger candy
If they’ve mastered swallowing the tiny sprinkle, you can either move onto a larger sprinkle or a mini M&M, depending what they’re ready for. “Have them practice until they’re able to swallow that size a few times.”
6. Once successful, move kids up to the size of the pill they need to take
They should gradually move up sizes; no big size leaps, Butcher says.
“Start with a sprinkle. Then maybe a larger sprinkle or Nerd candy. Then a mini M&M, and then maybe ¼ of a Tic Tac or Good and Plenty. Slowly, and gradually, do bigger sizes until you end up at the size of their pill.”
Have them do that a couple more times, says Butcher, as you want them to end feeling good about their skills.
“The reason for ending on success is to help their confidence. We want them to feel like they can do it, so ending with success leaves them feeling a sense of accomplishment,” she says.
7. If they aren’t able to swallow the next size up, don’t force it.
If your child is panicking or not feeling comfortable swallowing the larger candies, remember that this is normal.
“Don’t force it,” Butcher explains. “Instead, have them move back to the last size they were successful at.”
Starting small and ending on a positive note is critical, she says.
“The idea is that they go back and practice again the next day starting with the size that they were successful with the day before and working up further. So, each time that they practice, they end at a bigger size until they achieve the size of their pill.”
Source: University of Michigan