Extended family members can play a significant role in peoples’ lives during extreme events, new research shows.
“Often, surveys don’t ask about relationships with extended kin. The focus is on the nuclear family,” says Megan Reed, an assistant professor of sociology at Emory University and first author of the study in Socius: Sociological Research for a Dynamic World. “This research shows us that people have a pretty large network that they activate in times of crisis.”
Reed and her coauthors previously argued for more research on the role of “extended kin,” such as aunts and uncles in family relationships. They joined forces with researchers running the Robin Hood Poverty Tracker at Columbia University to include questions about those relationships in a phone survey that took place shortly after COVID-19 hit the United States.
Their study documents how often more than 2,300 New Yorkers communicated with “non-coresident kin” following the first wave of the pandemic in 2020. The terminology refers to any family members not residing in the same household, from adult siblings and parents to more distant kin such as cousins.
Among the key findings:
- About 49% of their sample increased communication with non-coresident kin since the pandemic began. Nearly a third reported increasing communication with siblings, which was the relationship that saw the greatest jump.
- About 56% of the respondents reported speaking to family outside their household several times a week.
- Slightly more than 14% of people increased communication with cousins, while slightly less than 14% increased communication with aunts and uncles.
The researchers did not find any variation by age, which suggests that much of the communication was intergenerational or that the impact of the pandemic on family relationships was similar across different age groups.
Beyond age, though, there were other demographic differences. Black and Hispanic respondents were more likely to report increased communication, for instance, as were foreign-born respondents and women.
The survey did not attempt to characterize how the communication occurred, though Reed says other research has shown an increased use of group chats and phone calls when the pandemic limited in-person gatherings.
It also does not address the nature of the communication, such as what respondents discussed during the exchanges.
“Family relationships can play an important role in resiliency in the face of crisis,” Reed says. “Our study provides new evidence of the activation of these relationships during the COVID-19 pandemic.”
Additional coauthors are from New York University-Abu Dhabi; the University of New Hampshire; and the University of Pennsylvania.
Source: April Hunt for Emory University