Program improves primary care diagnoses of skin conditions

Data from the program show that less than 40% of primary care provider initial diagnoses were accurate. (Credit: Getty Images)

A dermatology program for underserved communities helps primary care physicians better diagnose and treat skin conditions, research shows.

Researchers at the University of Missouri School of Medicine looked at data from its Dermatology Extension for Community Health Outcomes (ECHO) project and found that primary care physician participation in the project improves accuracy and timeliness of dermatology diagnoses.

“Early and accurate diagnosis of skin cancer is critical to saving lives,” says Mirna Becevic, assistant professor of telemedicine and lead evaluator for the Show-Me Dermatology ECHO project. “Access to dermatology remains a challenge for many patients, especially in rural areas, so it is essential that primary care physicians have access to tools to more accurately diagnose and treat dermatological conditions.”

ECHO is an educational and mentoring model in which primary care providers and other clinicians connect with experts via videoconferencing. Physicians can bring de-identified patient cases to dermatology experts through the ECHO program for assistance in accurately diagnosing conditions.

The first Dermatology ECHO in the world began at the University of Missouri and has since been implemented in seven countries.

Becevic’s team looked at 524 de-identified patient cases brought to the Dermatology ECHO program since 2015 and found that:

  • less than 40% of primary care provider initial diagnoses were accurate,
  • a third of patients were initially misdiagnosed by the primary care provider,
  • and in only of 16% of cases did the dermatologic experts concur with the primary care physician’s initial treatment plan.

Through the Dermatology ECHO program, misdiagnoses are corrected, and proper treatments recommended. These findings are similar to those from a 2019 study.

“Dermatology professionals need to be innovative and adaptive to expand access to life-saving treatment in underserved areas,” says senior author Karen Edison, senior medical director of the Missouri Telehealth Network, Show-Me ECHO and the Center for Health Policy.

“Dermatology ECHO provides expert care at the right time and place for more patients. We hope our findings encourage more widespread adoption of and participation in innovative strategies, including ECHO and tele-dermatology, which remain underutilized.”

The new study appears in the Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare. The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest related to the study.

Source: University of Missouri