MICHIGAN STATE (US) — Catching terrorists who detonate bombs may be easier by testing the containers that hide the bombs rather than the actual explosives.
Currently, law enforcement labs tend to test for DNA on the exploded bomb fragments—but this has a low success rate, says David Foran, a forensic biologist at Michigan State University and lead investigator on the research project.
In a new study, researchers obtained DNA from eight backpacks that had been blown up with pipe bombs inside, and subsequently obtained full DNA profiles that matched all eight volunteers who had carried the backpacks for a week.
The findings, which appear in the Journal of Forensic Sciences, could ultimately change the way law enforcement officials investigate bombings, Foran says.
Homemade bombs, or improvised explosive devices, have become the weapon of choice for terrorists and insurgents around the world. In the United States, IEDs were used in the Oklahoma City bombing in 1995 and the Centennial Olympic Park bombing in Atlanta in 1996.
“This may change the way the investigators look at things,” says Foran, who is also a professor of criminal justice. “They may focus on other pieces of evidence if they know they’re much more likely to produce a DNA result.”
DNA is difficult to find on an exploded pipe bomb, likely because of the heat of the blast and the smooth nature of the pipe, but it showed up on all of the backpacks, possibly because they weren’t as decimated as the bombs and because of their coarser texture.
Researchers examined 11 areas on the backpacks, such as the handle, straps, and zipper, and from that were able to match the DNA to each of the volunteer handlers. That method, called consensus profiling, helps rule out traces of DNA that may have come from the handlers’ friends or family.
Foran’s co-investigators are Shane Hoffmann, a former Michigan State graduate student who is now with the FBI, and Shawn Stallworth of the state bomb squad.
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