Even people who kept their jobs during the Great Recession of 2007-09 changed their drinking habits, a new study shows.
“Even among the employed, economic downturns can create sources of work-related and financial stress that may lead to lower levels of alcohol use during the workday, but higher levels of excessive and ill-timed alcohol use away from work,” says study author Michael Frone, senior research scientist at the University at Buffalo Research Institute on Addictions.
Frone compared the results of two US national surveys involving more than 5,000 employed participants. He found that compared to before the recession, drinking at work decreased, while drinking after work, and excessive drinking increased during the recession.
“Despite the increased stress at work that came with the recession, employees decreased their alcohol use during the workday to avoid putting their employment in jeopardy,” Frone says. “But perhaps to reduce stress, they increased both excessive alcohol use and drinking right after work.”
The study also revealed that compared to before the recession, more middle-aged workers drank during the recession, though there was no change in the proportion of younger workers who drank. Frone attributes this age discrepancy to stronger financial and family responsibilities during middle age, which can exacerbate the stressfulness of increased work demands and job insecurity, as well as financial losses and insecurity about retirement income.
Frone says employers should be concerned if their employees increase their drinking outside of regular work hours.
“Excessive drinking can lead to absenteeism or coming to work hung over, which can affect productivity,” Frone says. “Also, increased drinking after work may lead to family problems, which can affect performance at work.”
Employers can help address potential employee drinking problems through workplace interventions that address stress during economic downturns, Frone says. More research is needed to determine best practices before the next economic crisis hits.
Frone’s study appears in the current online issue of Psychology of Addictive Behaviors. The National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism supported the work.
Source: University at Buffalo