neurons_anxiety_525

Could making new neurons treat anxiety?

COLUMBIA U. (US) — Drugs that lead to the production of new neurons could play a part in treatments for anxiety disorders like PTSD, say researchers.

People with anxiety disorders such as post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) often have impaired pattern separation—the process by which similar experiences are transformed into distinct memories. They often react to events that resemble their original trauma, even when in safe situations.

In a review in Nature Neuroscience, Rene Hen of Columbia University’s Department of Psychiatry and colleagues suggest that drugs that promote neurogenesis—the production of new neurons—may have a potential role in treating impaired pattern separation.

In the hippocampus, the dentate gyrus—which uses pattern separation to form new memories—is one of two areas of the brain where neurogenesis takes place.

Although the extent of adult neurogenesis in humans, as well as its role in stress responses, is controversial, Hen and his team think that a reduction of hippocampal neurogenesis contributes to the impaired pattern separation underlying anxiety disorders.

Structural MRI studies of the brains of PTSD patients have shown decreased volume of the dentate gyrus. Two potential approaches to improving pattern separation are to increase the number of adult-generated neurons or to modify the mature neurons so they are better able to process information.

The researchers emphasize the need to develop better imaging techniques to observe ongoing neurogenesis in the human brain.

Eventually, clinical trials could be carried out with patients who show both impairment in pattern-separation tasks and decreased neurogenesis in the dentate gyrus.

Hen is also affiliated with the New York State Psychiatric Institute.

Source: Columbia University

chat3 Comments

You are free to share this article under the Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported license.

3 Comments

  1. Bill

    This is promising news for the countless numbers of people suffering from PTSD. It’s not just ex-military, it’s average people who have been through a horrific experience whether its an auto accident, domestic violence, or other violent act.

  2. Danny Hoardern
  3. Di4health

    Thanks. This was a very interesting article. Any idea which drugs promote neurogenesis? I believe psychotherapy and many other brain perception modifying techniques are capable of modifying the adult matured neurons.
    Once again this is very promising indeed. Thanks

We respect your privacy.